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Wednesday, July 15, 2020 | History

2 edition of Development of hard mineral resources of the deep seabed. found in the catalog.

Development of hard mineral resources of the deep seabed.

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels.

Development of hard mineral resources of the deep seabed.

Hearing, Ninety-second Congress, second session, on S. 2801 ... June 2, 1972.

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels.

  • 145 Want to read
  • 3 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Mineral resources in submerged lands.,
  • Ocean bottom -- Law and legislation.

  • Classifications
    LC ClassificationsKF26 .I534 1972
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 77 p.
    Number of Pages77
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5391477M
    LC Control Number72602941

    MAKING THE MOST OF DEEP SEABED MINERAL RESOURCES development of the Mining Code, specifically the financial terms applicable to the exploitation of polymetallic nodules (PN) in the Area. The ISA has produced Technical Study No. 11 Towards the.   Tasked with what some say is an impossible mandate of promoting the development of deep seabed mining while ensuring the practice does not harm the marine environment, the ISA’s member governments must agree on how these fragile and unique ecosystems will be protected, how the potentially multibillion dollar industry will be regulated.

    Accordingly, after the review on the kinds of deep seabed minerals involved, as well as the issues related to the development of deep seabed resources in the Convention and the Agreement on Implementation, the core issues to be considered in the future development stages would be addressed in the next section. II. Deep Seabed Mineral Resources 1. Governments and seabed mining companies have been exploring mineral content, measuring deep-sea environmental data and testing seabed extracting technologies for .

      The depleting land-based minerals has led to the seeking of mineral resources especially from deep sea. Deep seabed minerals have high concentration of precious metal in comparison to land-based. Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act and the National Environmental Policy Act, several unresolved impacts from seabed mining of manganese nodules in the eastern Pacific Ocean (lat. 5""N, long. ll0"W") are identified as having the potential to .


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Development of hard mineral resources of the deep seabed by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels. Download PDF EPUB FB2

H.R. (96th). An act to establish an interim procedure for the orderly development of hard mineral resources in the deep seabed, pending adoption of an international regime relating thereto, and for other purposes.

Ina database of bills in the U.S. Congress. Get this from a library. Development of the hard mineral resources of the deep seabed: hearings before the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session, on H.R.

and H.R. [United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Development of the hard mineral resources of the deep seabed: hearings before the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, first session on H.R.

and H.R. held in Washington, D.C., May 1 Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Development of hard mineral resources of the deep seabed [electronic resource]: hearing, Ninety-second Congress, second session, on S.

Serious attention was focused on deep seabed minerals in the s, when American geologist John L. Mero published a book entitled The Mineral.

Mineral Development on the Seabed. The International Seabed Authority (ISA), established under the LOSC, facilities international cooperation in the management of mineral development in the the United States, the Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act, administered by NOAA, governs the deep seabed mining activities of U.S.

entities. U.S. statutes and. The International Seabed Authority (ISA) is one of the three new institutions established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC), the other two being the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS).

The ISA is mandated to administer the mineral resources of the deep seabed. MAKING THE MOST OF DEEP SEABED MINERAL RESOURCES IN THE AREA A Discussion Paper on the Development and Implementation of a Payment Mechanism in the Area 7 2.

Executive summary The development of a fair and equitable payment regime for the Common heritage of mankind (CHM) is a particular challenge.

The industry has yet to. Today, the legal uncertainties have been largely resolved, marine mining and environmental monitoring technology has advanced rapidly.

This report aims to stimulate interest in the deep ocean and the discussions surrounding its potential development, with a specific focus on deep-sea mining of hard metal-bearing minerals.

Globally, the demand for resources is growing, and supplies of raw materials are being depleted. More and more states and companies, therefore, are striving to exploit mineral resources found in almost inaccessible locations.

Enormous deposits lie in the depths of our oceans. The significance of deep seabed mining has been. Deep sea mining is a mineral retrieval process that takes place on the ocean mining sites are usually around large areas of polymetallic nodules or active and extinct hydrothermal vents at 1, to 3, metres (4, to 12, ft) below the ocean’s surface.

The vents create globular or massive sulfide deposits, which contain valuable metals such as silver, gold. Routledge Handbook of Maritime Regulation and Enforcement book.

Edited By Robin Warner, Stuart Kaye. Edition 1st Edition. First Published Deep Seabed Mining: Key Obligations in the Emerging Regulation of Exploration and Development in the Pacific. In Nigeria, participants recommended that the International Seabed Authority address the African Union to sensitize policymakers on marine mineral resources of the Area and encouraged all African countries to participate in the global programme to realize the benefits accruable utilizing the resources in the Area as described in UNCLOS Article.

Serious attention was focused on deep seabed minerals in the s, when American geologist John L. Mero published a book entitled The Mineral Resources of the.

The critical metal contents of four types of seabed mineral resources, including a deep-sea sediment deposit, are evaluated as potential rare earth element (REE) resources. The deep-sea resources have relatively low total rare earth oxide (TREO) contents, a narrow range of TREO grades (–%), and show characteristics that are consistent with those of land-based.

The deep sea mineral formations contain a number of highly prized metals, including copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt and rare earth elements. The poly metallic nodules, consisting mainly of manganese, are bumpy, usually potato-sized balls suspended in mud on the floors of the deep.

Interest in exploration and exploitation of deep-sea minerals is seeing a revival due to diminishing grades and increasing costs of processing of terrestrial minerals as well as availability of several strategic metals in seabed mineral resources; it therefore becomes imperative to take stock of various issues related to deep-sea mining.

History books, newspapers, and other sources use the popular name to refer to these laws. Why can't these popular names easily be found in the US Code. How the US Code is built.

Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act. Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act. Pub. J94 Stat. (30 U.S.C. et seq.). U.S. companies can obtain exploration licenses for polymetallic nodules from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) under the Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act of (DSHMRA), 30 U.S.C.

§§ NOAA is in the process of extending the two existing licenses, both held by Lockheed Martin, for another five years. Although current estimates of seafloor mineral resources contain significant uncertainties (e.g. Petersen et al. this issue), recent studies conclude that the deep seabed hosts large quantities of metals, sometimes exceeding land-based mineral ‘reserves’ i.e.

resources that are currently economic to extract (Hein et al. ; Cathles. The Development of the Regime for Deep Seabed Mining In accordance with article 1, paragraph 1(1), of the Convention, "the Area" is "the seabed and the ocean floor and subsoil thereof, beyond the limits of national jurisdiction".Extraction has been delayed because the development of highly specialised and hitherto unknown technology has held up advancement.

Exploration offers its own challenges, as marine-oriented scientific sampling, photography and research must be factored in. In short, actual mining of deep-ocean seabed mineral resources is still some years away.Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more.

The International Seabed Authority and the precautionary principle: balancing deep seabed mineral mining and marine environmental protection in .